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谷物蒸馏酒---中国白酒

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发表于 2006-11-13 15:59:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;"><span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">一、中国白酒<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、原料<span lang="EN-US">:</span>高梁(香)、玉米(甜)、大米(净)、糯米、大麦(冲)、甘薯等是主要原料。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">2</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、主要酒曲:又称曲,是用谷物制成的发酵剂,糖化剂。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)大曲:形状像大砖块,故也称块曲,大部分白酒用此曲。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)小曲:体积小于大曲,主要酿造黄酒。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">3</span>)麸曲:又称麸皮曲,或快曲,成本低制白酒。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、白酒的香型及名品。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、酱香型:酱香是主体香,陈酿三年以上而成,又称茅香型。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)茅台酒:是中国国酒,并数次荣获国际质量金奖,是历届国优名酒,有“玉液之冠”的美名。酒体完美,余香持久,空杯留香不绝,醉而不昏。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)珍酒:由贵州遵义市珍酒厂出品,酒质稳定,风格独特,酱香突出,醇厚丰满。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">3</span>)郎酒:四川与茅台有“姐妹酒”之称,曾多次在国内获奖。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">4</span>)其他:贵州仁怀县赖茅酒厂的赖茅酒;湖南常德武陵酒;江苏泰州梅兰春等。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">2</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、浓香型:又称泸香型或窖香型。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)泸洲老窖大曲:在全国浓香型白酒中是历史最长,出名最早的酒品,被称为“浓香正宗”和“酒中泰斗”。在<span lang="EN-US">1915</span>年<span lang="EN-US">,</span>已获得巴拿马金奖<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)五粮液<span lang="EN-US">: </span>产地四川宜宾<span lang="EN-US">,</span>用精选红高梁、糯米、大米、小麦和玉米<span lang="EN-US">,</span>吸取五谷之精华<span lang="EN-US">,</span>取岷山江心之水<span lang="EN-US">,</span>用陈曲老窖发酵<span lang="EN-US">70</span>天以上<span lang="EN-US">.</span>特点<span lang="EN-US">:</span>“取粮之精英<span lang="EN-US">,</span>获历史之酵母<span lang="EN-US">,</span>享独厚之地利<span lang="EN-US">,</span>得勾兑之人杰”<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">3</span>)洋河大曲<span lang="EN-US">:</span>江苏泗阳洋河酒厂生产<span lang="EN-US">.</span>在<span lang="EN-US">1915</span>年巴拿马国际博览会时荣获金质奖章<span lang="EN-US">.1923</span>年<span lang="EN-US">,</span>在南洋国际名酒赛会上获“国际名酒”称号<span lang="EN-US">.</span>以千年古井“美人泉”为酿酒用水<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">4</span>)古井贡酒<span lang="EN-US">:</span>产于安徽亳县古井酒厂生产<span lang="EN-US">.</span>专家评价<span lang="EN-US">:</span>清澈如水晶<span lang="EN-US">,</span>香醇如幽兰<span lang="EN-US">,</span>入口甘爽醇和<span lang="EN-US">,</span>回味经久不息<span lang="EN-US">.</span>在第二、三、四届全国白酒评比中蝉联国家名酒称号<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">5</span>)剑南春<span lang="EN-US">:</span>由四川绵竹剑南春酒厂生产<span lang="EN-US">.</span>以其“芳香浓郁<span lang="EN-US">,</span>醇和回甜<span lang="EN-US">,</span>清洌净爽<span lang="EN-US">,</span>余香悠长”的风格<span lang="EN-US">.</span>蝉联国家名酒称号<span lang="EN-US">,</span>并获国家质量金奖<span lang="EN-US">,</span>他成功的秘决是“水是根本<span lang="EN-US">,</span>窖是基础<span lang="EN-US">,</span>曲是劲力<span lang="EN-US">,</span>勾兑是保证<span lang="EN-US">,</span>工艺是关键”<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)双沟大曲<span lang="EN-US">:</span>多次被评为国家优质名酒<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)全兴大曲<span lang="EN-US">:</span>产于四川成都<span lang="EN-US">,</span>以“浓而不艳<span lang="EN-US">,</span>雅而不淡”等风格荣获全国名酒称号<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">3</span>)其他<span lang="EN-US">:</span>安徽口子酒<span lang="EN-US">,</span>河南伊川杜康酒<span lang="EN-US">,</span>山东孔府家酒等<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、清香型<span lang="EN-US">:</span>又称汾香型<span lang="EN-US">,</span>以山西杏花村汾酒为代表<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)汾酒<span lang="EN-US">:</span>产于山西汾阳县<span lang="EN-US">,</span>据史料记载<span lang="EN-US">,</span>杏花村酿酒业已有<span lang="EN-US">1500</span>多年<span lang="EN-US">.</span>唐朝诗人杜牡在诗中盛赞美酒<span lang="EN-US">:</span>“借问酒家何处有<span lang="EN-US">,</span>牡童遥指杏花村”的千古名句<span lang="EN-US">.</span>在<span lang="EN-US">1915</span>年巴拿马万国博览会上<span lang="EN-US">.</span>荣获一等优胜金质奖<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)六曲香酒<span lang="EN-US">:</span>产于山西祁县酒厂<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">3</span>)红星二锅头<span lang="EN-US">:</span>产于北京红星股份有限公司<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 53.95pt; TEXT-INDENT: -30pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: -2.5; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-para-margin-left: 2.28gd;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">4</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、米香型<span lang="EN-US">:</span>主要采用一等大米为原料<span lang="EN-US">,</span>产于南方稻盛产区<span lang="EN-US">,</span>采用小曲发酵<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)桂林三花酒<span lang="EN-US">:</span>国家名酒<span lang="EN-US">,</span>以摇动酒液来鉴定质量<span lang="EN-US">,</span>最好的可以堆三花<span lang="EN-US">.</span>故名三花酒<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)长乐烧<span lang="EN-US">:</span>产于广东五华县<span lang="EN-US">,</span>在<span lang="EN-US">79</span>年评为优质名酒<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">3</span>)玉冰烧<span lang="EN-US">:</span>广东特产又名肉冰烧<span lang="EN-US">,</span>用肥肉和冰糖陈酿而得名<span lang="EN-US">.1850</span>年开始生产<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">4</span>)浏阳河小曲<span lang="EN-US">:</span>湖南浏阳县生产<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">5</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">、兼香型<span lang="EN-US">:</span>又称复香型、混合型<span lang="EN-US">,</span>指兼有两种以上主体香的白酒<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 24pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;">(<span lang="EN-US">1</span>)董酒<span lang="EN-US">:</span>贵州遵义董酒厂,原名董公寺窖酒。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><span style="FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 新宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(<span lang="EN-US">2</span>)西凤酒:是我国最古老的历史名酒之一,至今有<span lang="EN-US">2000</span>多年历史<span lang="EN-US">,1910</span>年南洋劝业赛会获银质奖<span lang="EN-US">.1915</span>年巴拿马获国际金奖<span lang="EN-US">,</span>远销日本、东南亚各国<span lang="EN-US">.</span></span>
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